5th Grade Benchmarks

Language Arts

Reading & Literature

Oral reading

Reading comprehension

Speed reading

Vocabulary building

Language (Writing Process)

Sentences and sentence parts

Synonyms, antonyms, homonyms

Dictionary, thesaurus skills

Letters—friendly, post cards, thank-you notes

Making an outline

Writing a library research paper

Writing book reports

Creative writing

Language (Grammar)

Punctuation, capitalization and quotation facts

Recognizing and diagramming all 8 parts of speech

Recognizing and diagramming complements

Word usage


Review of cursive writing formation through skill practice, word exercises, original composition & sentence dictation

Spelling, Vocabulary & Poetry

Weekly word lists on various categories and vocabulary study

Six poems committed to memory

History & Geography

Eight documents reviewed

Geography facts: terms, rivers, capitals, mountains, climate, deserts

Introduction to history and Geography

Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

Ancient Middle East

Middle East Today

Countries of Central and Southern Asia

Countries of the Far East

Egypt: The Gift of the Nile

Africa Long Ago

Africa in Modern Times

Ancient Greece: Home of Beauty

Rome: Ruler of the Ancient World

Christianity: The Greatest Force in History

England and the British Isles

Other Countries of Western Europe

“Land Down Under” and Beyond



Amazing Mammals

A Variety of Vertebrates


Water, Air and Weather


Force and motion

Electricity and magnetism

Engines: Steam, internal combustion, jet propulsion, rocket engines


Earth & Space

Geology: Treasures of the Earth

Oceanography: The Living Sea

Astronomy: The Eight Planets, Stars, Moon, Sun


Preserving the Sea


Circulatory System

Life in the Blood

Your Hardy Heart

Pathways through Your Body

Nutrition and Physical Fitness

A Balanced Diet

Daily Food Guide

Maintaining Your Proper Weight

Raising Your Rate of Metabolism

Aerobic Endurance

Muscular Strength and Flexibility

Digestive System

Digestion Begins in the Mouth

Through the Esophagus, Stomach, Small intestine, Liver, Pancreas

Absorbing Digested Foods

Interpersonal Relationships

Social Acceptance, Mental Awareness, Spiritual Warefare


Place value of whole numbers and decimals

Mastery of fundamental operations

Story problems

Problem solving strategies

English & metric measures

Converting measures within the same system and solving measurement equations

Roman numerals

Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division involving fractions

Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division involving decimals


Divisibility rules

Introduction to percents

Making change

Reading a thermometer

Solving algebraic equations

Graphs and scale drawing

Basic geometric shapes

Perimeter and area

Calculating Time

Rounding off whole numbers, money, decimals, and mixed numbers

Finding parts of a whole

Negative temperature

Converting from a Celsius scale to a Fahrenheit scale and from a Fahrenheit scale to a Celsius


Reading schedules and charts

Squares and Square roots

Lessons such as Salvation Series, Life of Moses, Tabernacle, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Jonah, Samuel, David

(includes memory verses, hymns/choruses, and Bible doctrine)

Fine Arts

Music Theory

Traditional, patriotic, fun songs

Basic drawing and painting techniques, color concepts and perspective.